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First Nations, Inuit and Métis 

The First Nations, Inuits and Métis theme is led by Dr. Malcolm King, a member of Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, and Dr. Alexandra King, a member of the Nipissing First Nation (Ontario), both from the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SASK, Canada. 

The CHF Alliance focuses on reconciliation research. Using etuaptmumk (Two-eyed Seeing)(1), we seek to interweave Indigenous ways of knowing, being and doing with Western science and to work with Indigenous peoples to improve the prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of HF. The vision is to find the harmonies between Indigenous and Western approaches to create sustainable, community-centered, culture-based approaches to HF research and care.



The Heart Failure - Indigenous People's Engagement and Research Council

Through to the establishment of the Heart Failure - Indigenous People's Engagement and Research Council (HF-IPERC)(2), the network will reconceptualize HF to reflect Indigenous ways of knowing and being (3), and work with Indigenous people to learn how to best to incorporate Indigenous ways of doing in the prevention and care of HF.  The IPERC is a partnership between the Pawaseskwan Indigenous Wellness Research Group at the University of Saskatchewan, The Key First Nation, the Yorkton Tribal Council, the Cardiac Arrhythmia Network of Canada (CANet) and the CHF Alliance. The HF-IPERC provides guidance to the network on the contextualization and adaptation needed for culturally safe and responsive HF care and research. The HF-IPERC will oversee a multifocal anti-oppression/anti-racism, cultural safety, ethical engagement and allyship curriculum, that includes key historical and contemporary forces that result in Indigenous health inequities, as well as Indigenous land and culture-based experiential learning opportunities, for network members, including patient partners. In addition to providing guidance to the network, the HF-IPERC will oversee the provision of an Indigenous curriculum for network members, collaborate on proposal development, and oversee the development of Indigenous data sovereignty guidelines. 

Team Leads
Alexandra King_2.jpg

Dr. Alexandra King
University of Saskatchewan


Dr. Malcolm King
University of Saskatchewan


1. Bartlett C, Marshall M, Marshall A. 2012. Two-Eyed Seeing and other lessons learned within a co-learning journey of bringing together indigenous and mainstream knowledges and ways of knowing. J Environ Stud Sci 2:331–340. 

2. CanSOLVE-CKD Indigenous Health.; CANet Patient Advisory Council.

3. Elders, Knowledge Holder testimony; one First Nation Elder described a spiritual wound in having their heart labelled as failed or in failure. They also rejected narratives of brokenness. Instead, they felt HF should be interpreted within a resiliency framework.

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